How alcohol can harm an unborn baby
Women who drink alcohol during pregnancy increase the risk that their child will be born with life-altering birth defects.
In the United States, thousands of babies are born each year with a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), according to FASD United. These disorders develop when pregnant women drink alcohol.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and FASD United, the effects of FASD may include:
- Growth deficits.
- Abnormal facial characteristics.
- Developmental, behavioral and intellectual problems.
People with FASD may have trouble with learning, memory, hyperactivity, attention span, vision and hearing. Alcohol use during pregnancy is the leading known cause of developmental disability and birth defects in the United States.
Drinking for two
When a pregnant woman drinks, the alcohol enters her bloodstream and is passed on to the baby through the placenta. Not every woman who drinks during pregnancy will have a baby with FASD. However, there is no known safe amount of alcohol a woman can drink during pregnancy and no safe time during pregnancy to drink.
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders are 100% preventable. Women who don't drink alcohol during pregnancy run no risk of delivering a child with FASD. Women who are drinking during pregnancy can increase their chances of having a healthy baby by quitting drinking right away.
Women who are considering becoming pregnant should avoid alcohol as well. Drinking during the early weeks of pregnancy, before a woman knows she is pregnant, can cause disability and birth defects too.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Alcohol Use and Pregnancy." https://www.cdc.gov/dotw/fasd.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Alcohol Use During Pregnancy." https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/fasd/alcohol-use.html.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Basics About FASDs." https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/fasd/facts.html.
- FASD United. "Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD)." https://fasdunited.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/02/FASD-Fact-Sheet.pdf.